Perfect English Grammar Reported Speech Exercises

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Pronouns

Grammar Exercises Here are all the English grammar exercises on the site so far. Reported Speech. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. 2313 Reported speech – statements with expressions of time – Exercise 2339 Reported speech – will-future – Sentences – Exercise 2319 Reported speech in different English tenses – Exercise.

In reported speech, you often have to change the pronoun depending on who says what.

Example
She says, “My mum doesn’t have time today.” – She says that her mum doesn’t have time today.
  1. As an English learner, it is extremely important for you to talk in English at any given opportunity. If you do not have partners to practise with, then try to speak in front of the mirror. Grammar exercises will help you. Try doing different grammar exercises and find out your weaknesses. These exercises are freely available on the internet.
  2. Reported Speech Exercise 1 - statements - mixed tenses. Reported Speech Exercise 2 - statements - present tense. Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. Reported Speech Exercise 6 - statements, questions.

Tenses

No backshift

Do not change the tense if the introductory clause is in Simple Present (e. g. He says). Note, however, that you might have to change the form of the present tense verb (3rd person singular).

Example
He says, “I speak English.” – He says that he speaks English.

Backshift

You must change the tense if the introductory clause is in Simple Past (e. g. He said). This is called backshift.

Example
He said, “I am happy.” – He said that he was happy.
Direct SpeechReported Speech
Simple PresentSimple Past
Present ProgressivePast Progressive
Simple PastPast Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Simple
Past Perfect Simple
Past ProgressivePast Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Progressive
Future I (going to)was / were going to
Future I (will)Conditional I (would)
Conditional I (would)

The verbs could, should, would, might, must, needn’t, ought to, used to do not normally change.

Example:
He said, “She might be right.” – He said that she might be right.

Place and Time expressions

For place and time expressions you have to check whether place and time are the same in direct and reported speech or not. Check out the following example:

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It is Friday and you meet James at a restaurant. James tells you that he saw Caroline in this restaurant today. (“I saw Caroline heretoday.”) A few minutes later, Helen joins you and you want to report what James has told you. Place (here) and time (today) are the same and you can say:

→ James said that he had seen Caroline here today.

One day later, you meet Mary at the same restaurant. Again, you want to report to her what James has told you. The place is the same, but not the time (it happened yesterday). So you would say:

→ James said that he had seen Caroline here yesterday.

Still a few days later, Tom rings you at home. Again, you want to report to him what James has told you. However, now you are not at the restaurant (but at home) and a few days have passed since then. So you would say:

Perfect english grammar reported speech exercises answersPerfect English Grammar Reported Speech Exercises

Perfect English Grammar Reported Speech Exercises Grammar

→ James said that he had seen Caroline at the restaurant on Friday.

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Perfect English Grammar Reported Speech Exercises 1

→ I met James in a restaurant on Friday and he said that he had seen Caroline there that day.

Therefore you always have to think which place and time expressions are logical in a certain situation.

Perfect English Grammar Reported Speech Exercises

In the following table, you will find ways of transforming place and time expressions into reported speech.

Perfect English Grammar Reported Speech Mixed Exercise

Direct SpeechReported Speech
todaythat day
nowthen
yesterdaythe day before
… days ago… days before
last weekthe week before
next yearthe following year
tomorrowthe next day / the following day
herethere
thisthat
thesethose