Past Present Verb Tense

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  1. Past Present Verb Tense
  2. Past Present Future Tense Verbs Chart Pdf
  3. Past Present Future Verb Tense Worksheet
  4. Past/ Present Verb Tense Video 5th Grade

The past tense is the verb tense used for a past activity or a past state of being. The past tense is categorized further depending on whether the action was in progress or has been completed. The four past tenses are the simple past tense, the past progressive tense, the past perfect tense, and the past perfect progressive tense. A verb is a kind of word (part of speech) that tells about an action or a state.It is the main part of a sentence: every sentence has a verb.In English, verbs are the only kind of word that changes to show past or present tense. Past, Present, and Future Tense Verbs Draw a circle around the action verb in each sentence. On the line, tell whether the verb is past tense, present tense, or future tense. Examples: Daniel played baseball yesterday. Past tense He plays baseball everyday. Present tense We will go to Daniel's baseball game.

Simple Past Tense

The simple past tense is used to describe a completed activity that happened in the past. In other words, it started in the past and ended in the past. For example:
  • John baked a cake.
  • They painted the fence.

A Video Summary

Here is a short video summarizing the simple past tense:

Infographic for the Simple Past Tense

Past Present Verb Tense Here is an infographic explaining the simple past tense:

Real-life Examples of the Simple Past Tense

Here are some real-life examples of the simple past tense:
  • I saw the angel in the marble and carved until I set him free. (Italian sculptor Michelangelo)
  • I asked God for a bike, but I know God doesn't work that way so I stole a bike and asked for forgiveness.

Forming the Simple Past Tense

If you're dealing with a regular verb, the simple past tense is formed like this:
base form of verb
+
  • jump > jumped
  • paint > painted
However, there are some spelling rules.

Spelling Rules

If a verb of one syllable ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the final consonant and add 'ed':
  • chat > chatted
  • stop > stopped
If the final consonant is w, x, or y, don't double it:
  • sew > sewed
  • play > played
  • fix > fixed
If last syllable of a longer verb is stressed and ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the last consonant and add 'ed':
  • incur > incurred
  • prefer > preferred
If the first syllable of a longer verb is stressed and the verb ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], just add 'ed':
  • open > opened
  • enter > entered
  • swallow > swallowed
If the verb ends 'e', just add 'd':
  • thrive > thrived
  • guzzle > guzzled
If the verb ends [consonant + 'y'], change the 'y' to an 'i' and add 'ed':
  • cry > cried
  • fry > fried

Forming the Simple Past Tense of Irregular Verbs

If it's an irregular verb, the simple past tense is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples:
  • break > broke
  • catch > caught
  • find > found
  • see > saw
You just have to learn them.
Read more about irregular verbs (includes a list of the most common irregular verbs).

Using the Simple Past Tense

When making a statement, you can use the following word order:
[subject]
+
  • The Martians landed near the aqueduct.
  • The burglar used the fire escape.

The Negative Version

If you need the negative version, you can use the following word order:Past present future verb tense

Past Present Verb Tense

'did not'
+
  • The Martians did not land near the aqueduct.
  • (We could have used 'didn't' instead of 'did not.')
  • The burglar did not use the fire escape.

The Question Version

Past present verb tense for kids If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word order for a yes/no question:
'did'
+ + Past present future tense verb chart
base form of verb
  • Did the Martians land near the aqueduct?
  • Did the burglar use the fire escape?
You can use the following word order for a question-word question:
+
'did'
+ +
base form of verb
  • Why did the Martians land near the aqueduct?
  • When did the burglar use the fire escape?
Past present tense verbs worksheet You can use the following word order for a choice question:
+
[subject]
+ +
choice A
+ +
choice B
  • Did the Martians land near the aqueduct or the town?
  • Did the burglar use the fire escape or the stairs?

The Simple Past Tense with Time Expressions

The simple past tense is often seen with a time expression explaining when the activity took place or how long it lasted.
Examples of 'when an activity took place':
  • On Tuesday last week, the Martians landed near the aqueduct.
  • ('On Tuesday last week' tells you when it happened. It's called an adverbial phrase of time. Other examples are'Yesterday,' 'Last year,' 'Before breakfast,'. They are really common. When any adverb appears at the front of a sentence, it is usual to follow it with a comma. A comma is not usually used when the adverbial phrase appears at the back of a sentence. NB: This is not a strict rule. Use a comma if it helps your reader.)
Read more about commas with adverbial phrases.
  • The Martians landed near the aqueduct on Tuesday last week.
  • (Note: No comma)
  • Just before he was caught, the burglar considered using the fire escape.
  • ('Just before he was caught' tells you when the activity took place.)
Examples of 'how long an activity took':
  • Last week, the council inspected the drains.
  • ('Last week' tells you when it happened and for how long.)
  • Her daughter hid under the bed for three hours.
  • (Using 'for' is a common way of describing how long an activity lasted.)

Verb Tense Widget

Use this widget to learn about the different tenses. How do you use this widget? Well, if there's a button, a drop-down menu, or a , you can click it!

( verb)

Select the tenses.

Present Tenses

Present Tenses

Simple Present
The simple present tense is mostly used to describe facts and habits.
More..(opens new tab)
I base form
you base form
he/she/it 3rd pers sing present
we base form
you base form
they base form
Present Progressive Tense
The present progressive tense is used for an ongoing action in the present.
I am present participle
you are present participle
he/she/it is present participle
we are present participle
you are present participle
they are present participle
Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense is used for actions that began in the past. (Often, the actions continue into the present.)
More..(opens new tab)
I have past participle
you have past participle
he/she/it has past participle
we have past participle
you have past participle
they have past participle
Present Perfect Progressive Tense
The present perfect progressive tense is used for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present, or a continuous activity that began in past but has now finished (usually very recently).
I have been present participle
you have been present participle
he/she/it has been present participle
we have been present participle
you have been present participle
they have been present participle

Past Tenses

Past Tenses

Simple Past
The simple past tense is used to describe a completed activity that happened in the past.
I past tense
you past tense
he/she/it past tense
we past tense
you past tense
they past tense
Past Progressive Tense
The past progressive tense is used to describe an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
More..(opens new tab)
I was present participle
you were present participle
he/she/it was present participle
we were present participle
you were present participle
they were present participle
Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense is used to emphasize that an action was completed before another took place.
I had past participle
you had past participle
he/she/it had past participle
we had past participle
you had past participle
they had past participle
Past Perfect Progressive Tense
The past perfect progressive tense is used to show that an ongoing action in the past has ended.
More..(opens new tab)
I had been present participle
you had been present participle
he/she/it had been present participle
we had been present participle
you had been present participle
they had been present participle

Future Tenses

Future Tenses

Simple Future
The simple future tense is used for an action that will occur in the future.
I will base form
you will base form
he/she/it will base form
we will base form
you will base form
they will base form
Future Progressive Tense
The future progressive tense is used for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
More..(opens new tab)
I will be present participle
you will be present participle
he/she/it will be present participle
we will be present participle
you will be present participle
they will be present participle
Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
I will have past participle
you will have past participle
he/she/it will have past participle
we will have past participle
you will have past participle
they will have past participle
Future Perfect Progressive Tense
The future perfect progressive tense is used for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.
More..(opens new tab)
I will have been present participle
you will have been present participle
he/she/it will have been present participle
we will have been present participle
you will have been present participle
they will have been present participle

The Other Past Tenses

The simple past tense is one of four past tenses. This table shows all four of the past tenses:
The 4 Past TensesExample
simple past tenseI went
past progressive tenseI was going
past perfect tenseI had gone
past perfect progressive tenseI had been going

Slider Showing All the Tenses

The following slider shows all 12 tenses. The simple past tense is highlighted with a yellow background.
Interactive Exercise
Here are three randomly selected questions from a larger exercise, which can be edited, printed to create an exercise worksheet, or sent via email to friends or students.

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See Also

Take another test on the simple past tenseTensesPast progressive tensePast perfect tensePast perfect progressive tenseSimple present tensePresent progressive tensePresent perfect tensePresent perfect progressive tenseSimple future tenseFuture progressive tenseFuture perfect tenseFuture perfect progressive tenseGlossary of grammatical terms

Past Present Future Tense Verbs Chart Pdf

Published:

Consistency of verb tense helps ensure smooth expression in your writing. The practice of the discipline for which you write typically determines which verb tenses to use in various parts of a scientific document. In general, however, the following guidelines may help you know when to use past and present tense. If you have questions about tense or other writing concerns specific to your discipline, check with your adviser.

Past Present Future Verb Tense Worksheet

Use Past Tense…

To describe your methodology and report your results. At the time you are writing your report, thesis, dissertation or article, you have already completed your study, so you should use past tense in your methodology section to record what you did, and in your results section to report what you found.

  • We hypothesized that adults would remember more items than children.
  • We extracted tannins from the leaves by bringing them to a boil in 50% methanol.
  • In experiment 2, response varied.

When referring to the work of previous researchers. When citing previous research in your article, use past tense. Whatever a previous researcher said, did or wrote happened at some specific, definite time in the past and is not still being done. Results that were relevant only in the past or to a particular study and have not yet been generally accepted as fact also should be expressed in past tense:

Sample SentenceExplanation
'Smith (2008) reported that adult respondents in his study remembered 30 percent more than children.'Smith’s study was completed in the past and his finding was specific to that particular study.
'Previous research showed that children confuse the source of their memories more often than adults (Lindsey et al., 1991).'The research was conducted in the past, but the finding is now a widely accepted fact.

To describe a fact, law or finding that is no longer considered valid and relevant.

Victor Edward Willis (born July 1, 1951) is an American singer, songwriter, and actor.He is best known as the founding member of the disco group Village People and also as lead singer and co-songwriter for all of their most successful singles. Learn English Basics - Learn and practise the English alphabet. Victor: W: Whisky: X: X-Ray: Y: Yankee: Z: Zulu: More on pronunciation here. Common Symbols; Symbol. Learn english victor. The NATO phonetic alphabet is a way of using words to replace letters. The first letter of the word is the letter the word stands for. Although it is called a 'phonetic alphabet' it is not really used for phonetics like the International Phonetic Alphabet or other phonetic alphabets.

Sample SentenceExplanation
'Nineteenth-century physicians held that women got migraines because they were 'the weaker sex,' but current research shows that the causes of migraine are unrelated to gender.'Note the shift here from past tense (discredited belief) to present (current belief).

Use Present Tense. . .

To express findings that continue to be true. Use present tense to express general truths or facts or conclusions supported by research results that are unlikely to change—in other words, something that is believed to be always true.

Sample SentenceExplanation
'Genetic information is encoded in the sequence of nucleotides on DNA.'Note also that no source citation is needed here since it is a widely known and well-accepted fact.
'Galileo asserted that the earth revolves around the sun.'The asserting took place in the past, but the earth is still revolving around the sun.

1) “Singer (1982) stated that sexual dimorphism in body size is common among butterflies.”

Modal Verbs of Ability. Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs When we talk about ability, we mean two things. First, we mean general ability. This is something that once you have learned you can do any time you want, like being able to read or swim or speak a language, for example. The other kind of ability is specific ability. This mean something that you can or can't do in one particular situation. Live worksheets English English as a Second Language (ESL) Grammar Modals and modal phrase of Ability Modals and modal phrase of Ability Fill in the blank. Exercises Modals of Ability 1. Put in 'can', 'can't', 'could' or 'couldn't'. If none of these is possible use 'be able to' in the correct tense. 1) you swim when you were 10? 2) We get to the meeting on time yesterday, because the train was delayed by one hour. This modal verbs of ability exercise asks you to choose the correct modal verb depending on the situation. The modals used are can, could, and be able to.

2) 'Sexual dimorphism in body size is common among butterflies (Singer 1982).'

Here you use past tense to indicate what Singer reported (sentence one), but present tense to indicate a research result that is unlikely to change (sentence two).
'We chose Vietnam for this study because it has a long coastline.'

Use past tense to indicate what you did (chose Vietnam), but present tense to indicate you assume that the length of Vietnam's coastline is unlikely to change.

'We used cornmeal to feed the fingerlings because it provides high nutritional content at a relatively low cost.'Past tense reflects what you did (used cornmeal), but present tense indicates that neither the nutritional content nor the cost of cornmeal is likely to change.

To refer to the article, thesis or dissertation itself.

Past/ Present Verb Tense Video 5th Grade

Sample SentenceExplanation
'Table 3 shows that the main cause of weight increase was nutritional value of the feed.'Table 3 will always show this; it is now a fact that is unlikely to change, and will be true whenever anyone reads this sentence, so use present tense.

To discuss your findings and present your conclusions.

Sample SentenceExplanation
'Weight increased as the nutritional value of feed increased. These results suggest that feeds higher in nutritional value contribute to greater weight gain in livestock.'Use past tense to indicate what you found [weight increased], but use present tense to suggest what the result implies.
Source:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th Ed. The Comprehensive Guide to Writing in the Health Sciences, University of Toronto.