Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and when writing letters.
Present Perfect Tense - Negative A. Choose the correct verb from the list below to complete the following sentences. Put the verb in the negative form of the present prefect tense. Fix / begin / arrive / be / see / stop / speak / buy / read / visit 1. The present perfect tense is used when talking about experiences from the past, a change or a situation that has happened in the past but is still continuing today. This tense is an important part of English grammar since it demonstrates that actions or events in the past have an effect on the present situation.
Using Present Perfect Tense
To create the present perfect tense of any verb, you will combine the present tense of the verb 'to have' plus the past participle of the main verb of the sentence. The past participle of a regular verb is the base word plus –ed. You can find a list of the past participle of irregular verbs here.
One example of this tense is: 'have jumped.' 'Have' is the present tense and 'jumped' is the past participle. Some other forms of this tense are:
- Has lived: She has lived here all her life.
- Have written: They have written three letters already.
- Have worked: I have worked here since I graduated school.
- Has done: He has finished his homework.
- Have been: We have been to Canada.
- Has forgotten: She has forgotten her folder.
There are many different situations where the present perfect tense can be used. It can be used in the following ways:
- To describe an action that is being repeated between the past and present. Example: We have gone to the beach many times.
- To describe an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the future. Example: I have lived in the United States since 1990.
- To describe an action that has not yet been finished. Example: It has rained a lot this month.
- To describe an action that was completed in the recent past. Example: I have just finished my internship at the museum.
- To describe an action when time was not an important aspect. Example: She has lost her wedding ring.
There are times when you cannot use the present perfect tense. For example, you cannot use it with specific expressions of time that have already finished, such as last year, that month, when I was a baby, etc.
Examples of Present Perfect Tense
Present perfect tense can be used with expressions that are unspecific in time:
- I have lost my purse.
- We have seen this movie already.
- He has broken his leg.
- There has been an accident.
Some examples of present perfect tense used to express an unfinished period of time are:
- We haven't seen her today.
- They have been to the mall twice this month.
- She has watched that show three times this week.
Examples of using present perfect in talking about events that happened in the recent past but the effect of the recent event is still felt in the present include:
- The children have made a mess in the kitchen.
- He has started a new job.
- She has finished her chores.
Present perfect tense can be used in questions as well. Here are some examples:
- Where have I left my sandals?
- Have you visited England?
- Has she met John?
Other Combinations of Words
Much many countable uncountable. In addition, you can use time-related adverbs in the present perfect tense, as long as they don't refer to a time which is finished. These words include: 'already,' 'just' and 'yet.' Some examples of how these words are used are:
- The book came out yesterday, but I have already read it. (Already is used to express that something has happened sooner than expected.)
- She has just left the building. (Just is used to convey that the event happened a short time ago.)
- He hasn't finished it yet. (Yet is used in negative sentences to mean that something is expected to happen.
Present perfect tense can also be used in questions using the words 'already' and 'yet.' For example:
- Why has he gone already?
- Have you called your mom yet?
- Has Anthony played basketball yet?
The Importance of Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense is used when talking about experiences from the past, a change or a situation that has happened in the past but is still continuing today. This tense is an important part of English grammar since it demonstrates that actions or events in the past have an effect on the present situation.
Main Difference – Present Perfect vs. Past Perfect
The perfect tenses are the tenses that are used to describe actions that are already completed. Let me guess meaning. There are three perfect tenses in the English language; present perfect, past perfect and future perfect. The main difference between Present Perfect and Past Perfect is that present perfect describes an action that happened in the recent past or an action that started in the past and continues to the present whereas past perfect refers to an action that has happened in the past.
What is Present Perfect Tense
In the Present Perfect formation, has or have is used as the auxiliary verb followed by the past participle of the base verb. For example,
Has/Have + Past Participle
She has lived in France for 10 years.
Have you finished your work?
Present Perfect can be used to talk about an action that has happened before now, that does not include a specific time. It can be used to describe,
He has been to Europe four times.
I have never traveled by train.
Change that has taken place over time
I have grown taller.
Her French has improved since she moved to Belgium.
Scientists have found a cure for this deadly disease.
Several different actions which have taken place in the past at different times
The invaders have tried to conquer the kingdom five times.
She has solved many problems in this project.
In all the above actions, you can notice that the specific time is not important.
Present Perfect also describes an action that started in the past and continues to the present. For instance,
She has lived in India for 10 years now.
What is Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense is formed by adding the auxiliary verb had to the past participle.
Had + Past Participle
I had finished breakfast by the time he arrived.
She had never seen a tiger until she visited the zoo.
The usage of past perfect is similar to that of the present perfect, but past perfect refers to a time in the past, not present. Past Perfect tense is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past. For example,
Action 1: Anne ate her breakfast at 7.00 am.
Action 2: I woke up at 8.00 am.
Then we can say that,
When I woke up this morning, Anne has already eaten her breakfast.
You can clarify this usage by observing the following examples.
I understood the movie only because I had read the book.
She had never seen a skyscraper before last night.
We couldn’t get tickets because we had not booked in advance.
Past perfect can be also used to talk about an action that was repeated several times up to a point in the past and repeated again after that point.
He had published three books, and he was working on another one.
Past perfect is also used to express in the conditional form to express wishes, hypotheses, and conditions.
I would have helped you if you had asked.
He would have gone to the party if he had had free time.
Difference Between Present Perfect and Past Perfect
Present Perfectis used for something that started in the past and continues to the present.
Past And Present Perfect Tense
Past Perfect is used for something that started in the past and continued up to a given point in the past.
Past vs. Present
Present Perfect has a connection to the present.
Past Perfectdoes not have a connection to the present.
Present Perfect can use specific time words and phrases.
Past Perfect can use specific time words and phrases.
Present Perfectis not used in the conditional formations.
Present Past Future Perfect Tense Exercises
Past perfect is used in the conditional formations.