Past Participle Of Break

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The past participle of break

The simple past tense is used to describe a completed activity that happened in the past. In other words, it started in the past and ended in the past. This page has lots of examples of the simple past tense, explains how to form it, and has an interactive and printable exercise worksheet.

– the ‘en’ ending (break – broke – broken; write – wrote – written; hide – hid – hidden etc) – the ‘ing’, ‘ang’, ‘ung’ pattern (ring – rang – rung; sing – sang – sung etc) Some common verbs are also formed from others, which means the past participle is the same: – give / forgive (given / forgiven). Past modal verbs are must, could, might and may with have + past participle to talk about suppositions or speculations regarding a past event. This is called the modal perfect tense. Here are some examples: The cat has escaped – I must have left the window open by mistake. Claire has left her handbag here – she must have left in a rush.

Related Pages
Simple Past Tense
IELTS, TOEFL And English As A Second Language
More Lessons On English Grammar

Verbs have different forms, called tenses. The tense of a verb tells us when the action happens.

The following table gives some examples of past and present participles. Scroll down the page for more examples.


Past Participle

A past participle indicates a completed action.

For most verbs, the past participle is the same as the past tense and is created by adding a d, ed or ied at the end of the word. These are called regular verbs.

However, the past participles of irregular verbs do not end in ed and may not be the same as the past tense of the verb. Since they are irregular, they do not follow any pattern and the best way to learn them would be to repeat and memorize them.

Present Perfect Tense

Past Participle Of BreakPast participle form of the verb breakPast

We join have or has to the past participle of the verb to form the present perfect tense.

have/has + past participle = present perfect tense

Examples:
They have gone to the movies.
I have lost my wallet.
She has done her homework.
Have you found your keys yet?
It has not rained for months.
Martha has been sick.

Past Perfect Tense

We join had to the past participle to form the past perfect tense.

had + past participle = past perfect tense

Examples:
The bus had already left.
Suddenly he remembered where he had hiddenLearn french through english in 30 days pdf. the money.

Future Perfect Tense

We join shall have or will have to the past participle to form the future perfect tense.

shall have/will have + past participle = future perfect tense

Examples:
He will not have got up yet.
When you get this message, I shall have left for London.
When do you think that you will have finished that piece of work?

Modal Verbs

We join should have, could have or would have to the past participle to form modal verbs.

should have/could have/would have + past participle = modal verb

Examples:
They should have gone to the movies yesterday.
He could have been more attentive.
It would have been better if she had kept quiet.

This video will review common past participles. It will show you how they are used in American English, and help you better understand them when they are spoken in fast English. (Part 1)

  • Show Video Lesson

This video will review common past participles and focus on how they sound in fast speech. (Part 2)

Past Tense And Past Participle Of Break

Past Participle Of Break

List Of Commonly Used Irregular Verbs

What Is The Past And Past Participle Of Break

The following is a list of commonly used irregular verbs: the base form (infinitive), past tense and past participle.

Base Form Past Tense Past Participle
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawoken
bewas, werebeen
bearboreborn/borne
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
beholdbeheldbeheld
bendbentbent
betbetbet
bidbadebidden
bidbidbid
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burstburstburst
bustbustbust
buyboughtbought
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
clapclappedclapped
clingclungclung
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
cutcutcut
daredareddared
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
divediveddived
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamtdreamt
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
dwelldweltdwelt
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbidforbadeforbidden
foreseeforesawforeseen
foretellforetoldforetold
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
forsakeforsookforsaken
freezefrozefrozen
frostbitefrostbitfrostbitten
getgotgotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
gowentgone/been
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
handwritehandwrotehandwritten
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
inlayinlaidinlaid
inputinputinput
interlayinterlaidinterlaid
keepkeptkept
kneelkneltknelt
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
learnlearntlearnt
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lightlitlit
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
quitquitquit
readreadread
rideroderidden
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
shakeshookshaken
shineshoneshone
singsangsung
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
speakspokespoken
spendspentspent
springsprangsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
winwonwon
writewrotewritten


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Use the list below to learn all your irregular verbs!
Select the verb to read and listen to the verb forms.

  • be
    • Base form:be/bi/
    • Past simple:was, were/wəz, wɒz, wə(r), wɜː(r)/
    • Past participle:been/bɪn, biːn/
  • become
    • Base form:become/bɪˈkʌm/
    • Past simple:became/bɪˈkeɪm/
    • Past participle:become/bɪˈkʌm/
  • begin
    • Base form:begin/bɪˈɡɪn/
    • Past simple:began/bɪˈɡæn/
    • Past participle:begun/bɪˈɡʌn/
  • bet
    • Base form:bet/bet/
    • Past simple:bet/bet/
    • Past participle:bet/bet/
  • bite
    • Base form:bite/baɪt/
    • Past simple:bit/bɪt/
    • Past participle:bitten/ˈbɪtn/
  • bleed
    • Base form:bleed/bliːd/
    • Past simple:bled/bled/
    • Past participle:bled/bled/
  • blow
    • Base form:blow/bləʊ/
    • Past simple:blew/bluː/
    • Past participle:blown/bləʊn/
  • break
    • Base form:break/breɪk/
    • Past simple:broke/brəʊk/
    • Past participle:broken /ˈbrəʊkən/
  • bring
    • Base form:bring/brɪŋ/
    • Past simple:brought/brɔːt/
    • Past participle:brought/brɔːt/
  • build
    • Base form:build/bɪld/
    • Past simple:built/bɪlt/
    • Past participle:built/bɪlt/
  • burn
    • Base form:burn/bɜːn/
    • Past simple:burnt, burned/bɜːnt, bɜːnd/
    • Past participle:burnt, burned/bɜːnt, bɜːnd/
  • buy
    • Base form:buy/baɪ/
    • Past simple:bought/bɔːt/
    • Past participle:bought/bɔːt/
  • can
    • Base form:can/kən, kæn/
    • Past simple:could/kəd, kʊd/
    • Past participle:been able to/biːn ˈeɪbl tə/
  • catch
    • Base form:catch/kætʃ/
    • Past simple:caught/kɔːt/
    • Past participle:caught/kɔːt/
  • choose
    • Base form:choose/tʃuːz/
    • Past simple:chose/tʃəʊz/
    • Past participle:chosen/ˈtʃəʊzn/
  • come
    • Base form:come/kʌm/
    • Past simple:came/keɪm/
    • Past participle:come/kʌm/
  • cost
    • Base form:cost/kɒst/
    • Past simple:cost/kɒst/
    • Past participle:cost/kɒst/
  • cut
    • Base form:cut/kʌt/
    • Past simple:cut/kʌt/
    • Past participle:cut/kʌt/
  • deal
    • Base form:deal/diːl/
    • Past simple:dealt/delt/
    • Past participle:dealt/delt/
  • do
    • Base formdo/də, du/
    • Past simple:did/dɪd/
    • Past participle:done/dʌn/
  • draw
    • Base form:draw/drɔː/
    • Past simple:drew/druː/
    • Past participle:drawn/drɔːn/
  • dream
    • Base form:dream/driːm/
    • Past simple:dreamt, dreamed/dremt, driːmd/
    • Past participle:dreamt, dreamed/dremt, driːmd/
  • drink
    • Base form:drink/drɪŋk/
    • Past simple:drank/dræŋk
    • Past participle:drunk/drʌŋk/
  • drive
    • Base form:drive/draɪv/
    • Past simple:drove/drəʊv/
    • Past participle:driven/ˈdrɪvn/
  • eat
    • Base form:eat/iːt/
    • Past simple:ate/eɪt, et/
    • Past participle:eaten/ˈiːtn/
  • fall
    • Base form:fall/fɔːl/
    • Past simple:fell/fel/
    • Past participle:fallen/ˈfɔːlən/
  • feel
    • Base form:feel/fiːl/
    • Past simple:felt/felt/
    • Past participle:felt/felt/
  • fight
    • Base form:fight/faɪt/
    • Past simple:fought/fɔːt/
    • Past participle:fought/fɔːt/
  • find
    • Base form:find/faɪnd/
    • Past simple:found/faʊnd/
    • Past participle:found/faʊnd/
  • fly
    • Base form:fly/flaɪ/
    • Past simple:flew/fluː/
    • Past participle:flown/fləʊn/
  • forget
    • Base form:forget/fəˈɡet/
    • Past simple:forgot/fəˈɡɒt/
    • Past participle:forgotten/fəˈɡɒtn/
  • forgive
    • Base form:forgive/fəˈɡɪv/
    • Past simple:forgave/fəˈɡeɪv/
    • Past participle:forgiven/fəˈɡɪvn/
  • freeze
    • Base form:freeze/friːz/
    • Past simple:froze/frəʊz/
    • Past participle:frozen/ˈfrəʊzn/
  • get
    • Base form:get/ɡet/
    • Past simple:got/ɡɒt/
    • Past participle:got (AmE: gotten)/ɡɒt, ˈɡɒtn/
  • give
    • Base form:give/ɡɪv/
    • Past simple:gave/ɡeɪv/
    • Past participle:given/ˈɡɪvn/
  • go
    • Base form:go/ɡəʊ/
    • Past simple:went/went/
    • Past participle:gone, been/ɡɒn, biːn/
  • grow
    • Base form:grow/ɡrəʊ/
    • Past simple:grew/ɡruː/
    • Past participle:grown/ɡrəʊn/
  • hang
    • Base form:hang/hæŋ/
    • Past simple:hung/hʌŋ/
    • Past participle:hung/hʌŋ/
  • have
    • Base form:have/həv, hæv/
    • Past simple:had/hæd/
    • Past participle:had/hæd/
  • hear
    • Base form:hear/hɪə(r)/
    • Past simple:heard/hɜːd/
    • Past participle:heard/hɜːd/
  • hide
    • Base form:hide/haɪd/
    • Past simple:hid/hɪd/
    • Past participle:hidden/ˈhɪdn/
  • hit
    • Base form:hit/hɪt/
    • Past simple:hit/hɪt/
    • Past participle:hit/hɪt/
  • hold
    • Base form:hold/həʊld/
    • Past simple:held/held/
    • Past participle:held/held/
  • hurt
    • Base form:hurt/hɜːt/
    • Past simple:hurt/hɜːt/
    • Past participle:hurt/hɜːt/
  • keep
    • Base form:keep/kiːp/
    • Past simple:kept/kept/
    • Past participle:kept/kept/
  • know
    • Base form:know/nəʊ/
    • Past simple:knew/njuː/
    • Past participle:known/nəʊn/
  • lay
    • Base form:lay/leɪ/
    • Past simple:laid/leɪd/
    • Past participle:laid/leɪd/
  • lead
    • Base form:lead/liːd/
    • Past simple:led/led/
    • Past participle:led/led/
  • learn
    • Base form:learn/lɜːn/
    • Past simple:learnt, learned/lɜːnt, lɜːnd/
    • Past participle:learnt, learned/lɜːnt, lɜːnd/
  • leave
    • Base form:leave/liːv/
    • Past simple:left/left/
    • Past participle:left/left/
  • lend
    • Base form:lend/lend/
    • Past simple:lent/lent/
    • Past participle:lent/lent/
  • let
    • Base form:let/let/
    • Past simple:let/let/
    • Past participle:let/let/
  • light
    • Base form:light/laɪt/
    • Past simple:lit/lɪt/
    • Past participle:lit/lɪt/
  • lose
    • Base form:lose/luːz/
    • Past simple:lost/lɒst/
    • Past participle:lost/lɒst/
  • make
    • Base form:make/meɪk/
    • Past simple:made/meɪd/
    • Past participle:made/meɪd/
  • mean
    • Base form:mean/miːn/
    • Past simple:meant/ment/
    • Past participle:meant/ment/
  • meet
    • Base form:meet/miːt/
    • Past simple:met/met/
    • Past participle:met/met/
  • pay
    • Base form:pay/peɪ/
    • Past simple:paid/peɪd/
    • Past participle:paid/peɪd/
  • put
    • Base form:put/pʊt/
    • Past simple:put/pʊt/
    • Past participle:put/pʊt/
  • read
    • Base form:read/riːd/
    • Past simple:read/red/
    • Past participle:read/red/
  • ride
    • Base form:ride/raɪd/
    • Past simple:rode/rəʊd/
    • Past participle:ridden/ˈrɪdn/
  • ring
    • Base form:ring/rɪŋ/
    • Past simple:rang/ræŋ/
    • Past participle:rung/rʌŋ/
  • rise
    • Base form:rise/raɪz/
    • Past simple:rose/rəʊz/
    • Past participle:risen/ˈrɪzn/
  • run
    • Base form:run/rʌn/
    • Past simple:ran/ræn/
    • Past participle:run/rʌn/
  • say
    • Base form:say/seɪ/
    • Past simple:said/sed/
    • Past participle:said/sed/
  • see
    • Base form:see/siː/
    • Past simple:saw/sɔː/
    • Past participle:seen/siːn/
  • sell
    • Base form:sell/sel/
    • Past simple:sold/səʊld/
    • Past participle:sold/səʊld/
  • send
    • Base form:send/send/
    • Past simple:sent/sent/
    • Past participle:sent/sent/
  • set
    • Base form:set/set/
    • Past simple:set/set/
    • Past participle:set/set/
  • shake
    • Base form:shake/ʃeɪk/
    • Past simple:shook/ʃʊk/
    • Past participle:shaken/ˈʃeɪkən/
  • shine
    • Base form:shine/ʃaɪn/
    • Past simple:shone/ʃɒn/
    • Past participle:shone/ʃɒn/
  • shoot
    • Base form:shoot/ʃuːt/
    • Past simple:shot/ʃɒt/
    • Past participle:shot/ʃɒt/
  • show
    • Base form:show/ʃəʊ/
    • Past simple:showed/ʃəʊd/
    • Past participle:shown/ʃəʊn/
  • shut
    • Base form:shut/ʃʌt/
    • Past simple:shut/ʃʌt/
    • Past participle:shut/ʃʌt/
  • sing
    • Base form:sing/sɪŋ/
    • Past simple:sang/sæŋ/
    • Past participle:sung/sʌŋ/
  • sink
    • Base form:sink/sɪŋk/
    • Past simple:sank/sæŋk/
    • Past participle:sunk/sʌŋk/
  • sit
    • Base form:sit/sɪt/
    • Past simple:sat/sæt/
    • Past participle:sat/sæt/
  • sleep
    • Base form:sleep/sliːp/
    • Past simple:slept/slept/
    • Past participle:slept/slept/
  • smell
    • Base form:smell/smel/
    • Past simple:smelt, smelled/smelt, smeld/
    • Past participle:smelt, smelled/smelt, smeld/
  • speak
    • Base form:speak/spiːk/
    • Past simple:spoke/spəʊk/
    • Past participle:spoken/ˈspəʊkən/
  • spell
    • Base form:spell/spel/
    • Past simple:spelt, spelled/spelt, speld/
    • Past participle:spelt, spelled/spelt, speld/
  • spend
    • Base form:spend/spend/
    • Past simple:spent/spent/
    • Past participle:spent/spent/
  • spill
    • Base form:spill/spɪl/
    • Past simple:spilt, spilled/spɪlt/
    • Past participle:spilt, spilled/spɪlt/
  • split
    • Base form:split/splɪt/
    • Past simple:split/splɪt/
    • Past participle:split/splɪt/
  • spoil
    • Base form:spoil/spɔɪl/
    • Past simple:spoilt, spoiled/spɔɪlt, spɔɪld/
    • Past participle:spoilt, spoiled/spɔɪlt, spɔɪld/
  • spread
    • Base form:spread/spred/
    • Past simple:spread/spred/
    • Past participle:spread/spred/
  • stand
    • Base form:stand/stænd/
    • Past simple:stood/stʊd/
    • Past participle:stood/stʊd/
  • steal
    • Base form:steal/stiːl/
    • Past simple:stole/stəʊl/
    • Past participle:stolen/ˈstəʊlən/
  • stick
    • Base form:stick/stɪk/
    • Past simple:stuck/stʌk/
    • Past participle:stuck/stʌk/
  • swim
    • Base form:swim/swɪm/
    • Past simple:swam/swæm/
    • Past participle:swum/swʌm/
  • take
    • Base form:take/teɪk/
    • Past simple:took/tʊk/
    • Past participle:taken/ˈteɪkən/
  • teach
    • Base form:teach/tiːtʃ/
    • Past simple:taught/tɔːt/
    • Past participle:taught/tɔːt/
  • tell
    • Base form:tell/tel/
    • Past simple:told/təʊld/
    • Past participle:told/təʊld/
  • think
    • Base form:think/θɪŋk/
    • Past simple:thought/θɔːt/
    • Past participle:thought/θɔːt/
  • throw
    • Base form:throw/θrəʊ/
    • Past simple:threw/θruː/
    • Past participle:thrown/θrəʊn/
  • understand
    • Base form:understand/ˌʌndəˈstænd/
    • Past simple:understood/ˌʌndəˈstʊd/
    • Past participle:understood/ˌʌndəˈstʊd/
  • upset
    • Base form:upset/ʌpˈset/
    • Past simple:upset/ʌpˈset/
    • Past participle:upset/ʌpˈset/
  • wake
    • Base form:wake/weɪk/
    • Past simple:woke/wəʊk/
    • Past participle:woken/ˈwəʊkən/
  • wear
    • Base form:wear/weə(r)/
    • Past simple:wore/wɔː(r)/
    • Past participle:worn/wɔːn/
  • win
    • Base form:win/wɪn/
    • Past simple:won/wʌn/
    • Past participle:won/wʌn/
  • write
    • Base form:write/raɪt/
    • Past simple:wrote/rəʊt/
    • Past participle:written/ˈrɪtn/