Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples

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It is important to be strategic when you are learning a new language. When it comes to learning new vocabulary, it is a good idea to start by learning the most used German words first. In this list, you will find the 100 most used German verbs with sentence examples and past participle to form the past tense. Present perfect tense describes an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past or that began in the past and continues in the present.This tense is formed by using has/have with the past participle of the verb. Most past participles end in -ed. Irregular verbs have special past participles that must be memorized. An irregular verb is one that does not conform to the usual rule for forming its simple past tense and its past participle. An irregular verb is not the same as a weak verb, although some irregular verbs are weak verbs. This page contains a list of common irregular verbs in English and an interactive exercise. Regular and irregular verbs. This is more a question of vocabulary than of grammar. The only real difference between regular and irregular verbs is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. For regular verbs, the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same: -ed. Past participle. The past participle of regular verbs is identical to the preterite (past tense) form, described in the previous section. For irregular verbs, see English irregular verbs. Some of these have different past tense and past participle forms (like sing–sang–sung); others have the same form for both (like make–made–made).

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Every language has its own way of saying something happened in the past, is happening now or will happen in the future. As you know, English does this through verb tenses.

Most English tenses use a word form called a “participle.” There are present participles and past participles. Take the statement “I have been to Atlanta.” It uses “been,” which is the past participle of the verb “be.”
In addition to forming verb tenses, the past participle can form two other things. One is the passivevoice and the other is adjectives. On today’s program, I will talk about all three of these.

Recognize past participles

By now in your English studies, you have heard and seen the past participle countless times. You just may not have known what it was called. In fact, I used it a few times in this paragraph alone.

The past participle is everywhere so let me begin with a quick discussion about recognizing it.

You probably know that the past tense of a regular verb ends in -ed, as in “I talked to my friend.” For regular verbs, the past participle also ends in -ed. In other words, it is identical, as in “I have talked to her about my plans.”

Most English verbs are regular, so most of their past participles are identical to the past tense.

But for irregular verbs, the past participles and past tenses are not the same. Think of the verb “take” as an example. Its past tense is “took,” as in “I took my mother to the park.” The past participle is “taken,” as in “She has taken that flight many times.”

The perfect tenses

OK, now let’s get into today’s subject: the three uses for past participles.

The first we will look at is perfect verb tenses.

As a reminder, a perfect tense is one that puts some form of the verb “have” before its main verb. Take one of my examples again:

She has taken that flight many times.

I used the present perfect tense, which is have or has + past participle.

Knowing the name of this or other verb tenses is not important for today’s lesson. The thing to remember is this: All perfect tenses in English include the past participle.

Listen for it in this next example:

She had studied English before moving to the U.S.


The speaker used the past participle “studied” as part of the past perfect verb “had studied.”

Again, do not worry if you do not know the names of these verb tenses. Simply note that they are perfect tenses and perfect tenses use past participles.


The passive voice

Next, let’s talk about the passive voice – the second use for the past participle.

Here is a quick refresher:

In most sentences in English, the subject performs the action of the verb. Take the example 'You called a friend.' The subject is 'You” and the subject performs the action “called.”

But sometimes the subject is acted upon or receives the action of the verb. This is called the passive voice. Imagine that someone steals your bike. You could say, “My bike was stolen.” There is no mention of the person because you do not know who did it.

We can use passive voice when we do not know who or what performed the action or when identifying the performer is not important.

In English, the most basic passive voice is formed with be + past participle. Let’s examine the bike example:

My bike was stolen.

Here, the verb “be” appears in the past tense “was.” And “stolen” is the past participle of “steal.”

Listen for be + past participle in this next example:

The dishis cooked over an open fire.

Here, the verb “be” is in the present tense “is.” “Cook” is a regular verb, so its past participle is “cooked.”

Use as adjectives

List of mexican taboos. And, finally, we turn to adjectives – the third use for past participles.

Past participle irregular verbs examples sentence

Only some past participles can be used as adjectives. These adjectives are a little different from normal ones because they generally describe how someone feels.

The adjective “bored” is a good example. If you wanted to describe this feeling in a group of children, you could say this:

The children are bored.

Notice that the adjective comes after the linking verb “be.” You can learn more about linking verbs on earlier programs.

Now, suppose these same children begin to misbehave. You could say this:

The bored children are getting into trouble.

Here, the speaker put the adjective “bored” before the noun “children.”

When past participles act as adjectives, they appear in the same places as normal adjectives – after linking verbs and before nouns. But, note again that these kinds of adjectives describe a person or people’s feelings.

And that’s Everyday Grammar for this week.

Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples Sentence

I’m Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

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Words in This Story

tense – n. a form of a verb that is used to show when an action happened

passive voice – n. a way of writing or speaking that uses passive verbs

paragraph – n. a part of a piece of writing that usually that begins on a new line and often is made up of a few sentences

regular – adj. following the normal patterns by which word forms

identical – adj. exactly the same

mention – n. to talk about, write about, or refer to something or someone, especially in a brief way

dish – n. food that is prepared in a particular way

bored – adj. tired and annoyed you are unoccupied or do not have interest in your current activity.

linking verb – n. a verb (such as be, appear or become) that connects a subject with an adjective or noun that describes or identifies the subject

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Practice

Now, you try it! Find a few past participles in my story that were not used in any of the examples. Write your answers in the comments section.

Example: By now in your English studies, you have heard and seen the past participle countless times.

________________________________________________________________

Common Mistakes

Some English learners -- and native English speakers -- mistake the past tense with the past participle.

For example, they may use the past participle when they are supposed to use the simple past, as in, “I seen the full moon.” Or, they may use the past tense when they are supposed to use the past participle, as in, “I should have went to the store.”

Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples 100

These mistakes generally only happen with irregular verbs since, again, the past tense and past participle of regular verbs are identical. They both end in -ed.

Related

Main verbs have meaning on their own (unlike helping verbs). There are thousands of main verbs, and we can classify them in several ways:

Transitive and intransitive verbs

A transitive verb takes a direct object: Somebody killed the President. An intransitive verb does not have a direct object: He died. Many verbs, like speak, can be transitive or intransitive. Look at these examples:

transitive:

  • I saw an elephant.
  • We are watching TV.
  • He speaks English.

intransitive:

  • He has arrived.
  • John goes to school.
  • She speaks fast.

Linking verbs

A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. It 'links' the subject to what is said about the subject. Usually, a linking verb shows equality (=) or a change to a different state or place (→). Linking verbs are always intransitive (but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs).

Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples
  • Mary is a teacher. (mary = teacher)
  • Tara is beautiful. (tara = beautiful)
  • That sounds interesting. (that = interesting)
  • The sky became dark. (the sky → dark)
  • The bread has gone bad. (bread → bad)

Dynamic and stative verbs

Some verbs describe action. They are called 'dynamic', and can be used with continuous tenses. Other verbs describe state (non-action, a situation). They are called 'stative', and cannot normally be used with continuous tenses (though some of them can be used with continuous tenses with a change in meaning).

dynamic verbs (examples):

  • hit, explode, fight, run, go

stative verbs (examples):

Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples List

  • be
  • like, love, prefer, wish
  • impress, please, surprise
  • hear, see, sound
  • belong to, consist of, contain, include, need
  • appear, resemble, seem
Participle

Regular and irregular verbs

This is more a question of vocabulary than of grammar. The only real difference between regular and irregular verbs is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. For regular verbs, the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same: -ed. For irregular verbs, the past tense ending and the past participle ending is variable, so it is necessary to learn them by heart.

regular verbs: base, past tense, past participle

  • look, looked, looked
  • work, worked, worked

irregular verbs: base, past tense, past participle

  • buy, bought, bought
  • cut, cut, cut
  • do, did, done

Here are lists of regular verbs and irregular verbs.

One way to think of regular and irregular verbs is like this: all verbs are irregular and the so-called regular verbs are simply one very large group of irregular verbs.

Past Participle Irregular Verbs Examples 4th Grade

Catenative verbs

A catenative verb is a main verb that can be followed directly by another main verb. In the following sentences, want, help, like are catenative.

  • I want to see a movie.
  • She helped clean the house.
  • I like eating chocolate.

More about catenative verbs.

Often the above divisions can be mixed. For example, one verb could be irregular, transitive and dynamic; another verb could be regular, transitive and stative.