Passive Simple Past Tense

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  1. Passive Voice In The Simple Past Tense
  2. Passive Voice Simple Present And Past Tense Exercises Pdf
  3. Passive Voice Simple Past Tense
  4. Past Tense And Passive Voice

In this, the fourth of our seven High English quizzes on active voice and passive voice, we take a look at sentences written in passive voice and the simple past tense.

  1. The Passive Tense Explained. Active and Passive Contrasted. Sentences can be active or passive in English. An active sentence has the subject first (the person or thing that does the verb), followed by the verb, and finally the object (the person or thing that the action happens to).
  2. In passive voice of simple past tense – positive, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative, we use past participle (third form) of verb. Keep in mind that we should arrange the sentence in the following form- Active sentence- subject + past tense of verb + object.

Tenses are important and the sentence in passive voice changes with the tense it is in. When we want to convert a sentence in any tense in active voice into a sentence in passive voice, the general rule is that the past participle (or the third form) of the main verb is used and the tense is indicated by the auxiliary verb.

Active and Passive Voice Simple Past Tense. Simple past tense sendiri adalah sebuah penunjuk waktu dalam bahasa inggris yang mengisyaratkan bahwa suatu kejadian terjadi di masa lampau dan tidak lagi terjadi di masa sekarang maupun di masa depan. Biasanya kalimat di dalam simple past tense ditandai dengan adanya kata kerja lampau yang biasa juga. The general rule for sentences in simple past passive is: ‘Object + was / were + past participle of main verb (third form)’ in an affirmative sentence. ‘Was / were + object + past participle of main verb (third form)’ in the case of a question.

The general rule for sentences in simple past passive is:

‘Object + was / were + past participle of main verb (third form)’ in an affirmative sentence.
‘Was / were + object + past participle of main verb (third form)’ in the case of a question.

Just as in so many other cases, adding ‘not’ gives a negative form to passive sentences.:

‘The manager reprimanded the subordinate,’ in active voice and past simple tense is transformed into:
‘The subordinate was reprimanded by the manager,’ in passive voice following the rule enumerated above.

‘Did the speaker cover all the points?’ in active voice is transformed into:
‘Were all the points covered by the speaker?’ in passive voice.

Simple

‘The Finance Minister didn’t present the Railway Budget’ in active voice is transformed into:
‘The Railway Budget wasn’t presented by the Finance Minister’ in passive voice.

In English, more sentences are in active voice as the subject performing the action is pertinent. In some cases, when emphasis has to be placed on the thing receiving the action, passive voice is more useful. Generally, scientific and academic writing, which need an objective view, use sentences in passive voice.

The quiz that follows takes you through sentences in simple past passive form.

1. Active and Passive Contrasted

Sentences can be active or passive in English. An active sentence has the subject first (the person or thing that does the verb), followed by the verb, and finally the object (the person or thing that the action happens to).

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johndrovethe car
Passive sentence:The carwas drivenby John.

Perfect continuous tense examples. In passive sentences we put the object first, then the verb and finally the subject (if known).

We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence. Some verbs (intransitive) do not have objects: arrive, cry, work, laugh, and talk are intransitive verbs: and cannot be made passive

  • Peter arrived home.
  • She was crying.
  • I work for a bank in London.
  • They laughed non stop.
  • We talked for hours.

2. Passive – Use

We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action.

  • When we want to change the focus of the sentence:
    • Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare (We are more interested in the play than the writer in this sentence)
  • When who or what does the action is unknown, unimportant, obvious or ‘people in general’:
    • My car has been stolen (unknown agent).
    • My computer is being repaired (unimportant agent).
    • He was arrested (obvious agent, the police).
    • Mobile phones must be switched off. (people in general).
  • In factual or scientific writing:
    • The mixture is placed in a test tube and heated.

3. Passive – Form

to be + past participle

  • object of the active sentence becomes subject in the passive sentence
  • subject of the active sentence becomes object in the passive sentence (or is left out)
Passive Simple Past Tense
Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnbuilta house.
Passive sentence:A houseisbuiltby John.

4. Examples

4.1. Simple Present

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnbuildsa house.
Passive sentence:A houseisbuiltby John.

4.2. Simple Past

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnbuilta house.
Passive sentence:A housewasbuiltby John.
Passive voice simple present and past tense exercises pdf

4.3. Present Perfect

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnhas builta house.
Passive sentence:A househas beenbuiltby John.

Passive Voice In The Simple Past Tense

Passive past tense examples

Passive Voice Simple Present And Past Tense Exercises Pdf

4.4. will-future

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnwill builda house.
Passive sentence:A housewill bebuiltby John.

Passive Voice Simple Past Tense

4.5. Modals

Past Tense And Passive Voice

Type of sentenceSubjectVerbObject
Active sentence:Johnmay builda house.
Passive sentence:A housemay bebuiltby John.

Exercises