Moving Phrases Example

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10.3 Keeping Your Speech Moving

Catchy

Learning Objectives

When choosing a moving company there are a couple of things to consider. The company needs to have insurance with good coverage. It also has to be registered for corporation taxation and it has to have a transport license. Our insurance covers a basic sum of ca 117 000 USD. We have a professional transport license and are registered for. USEFUL PHRASES AND STRATEGIES FOR PRESENTATIONS INTRODUCTION Welcoming and greeting the audience Hello, everyone. I'd like, first of all, to thank the organizers of this meeting for inviting me here today. Good morning everyone and welcome to my presentation. First of all, let me thank you all for coming here today. Good morning, ladies. For example, movingcrude oil from oil wells in Nigeria to the refineries on the coast of the United States. For example, movinggasoline from refineries in Europe to consumer markets in Nigeria and other West African nations. One of these is the naval replenishment oiler, a tanker which can fuel a movingvessel. Some Presentation Transition Words and Phrases “Speech transitions smooth over the boundary between two ideas, and reveal the relationship between the words just spoken and those about to be spoken.” Transitions from Introduction into Speech Body 1. My first point is 3. The first thing I’ll discuss is 4. Let’s begin with. Here are the best goodbye messages for your friends or relatives who are moving away: How lucky I am to have something that makes saying goodbye so hard. Milne (Winnie The Pooh) Winnie the Pooh is grateful to meet friends whom he will treasure in his heart.

  1. Understand the importance of transitions within a speech.
  2. Identify and be able to use a variety of transition words to create effective transitions within a speech.
  3. Understand how to use a variety of strategies to help audience members keep up with a speech’s content: internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts.

Have you ever been listening to a speech or a lecture and found yourself thinking, “I am so lost!” or “Where the heck is this speaker going?” Chances are one of the reasons you weren’t sure what the speaker was talking about was that the speaker didn’t effectively keep the speech moving. When we are reading and encounter something we don’t understand, we have the ability to reread the paragraph and try to make sense of what we’re trying to read. Unfortunately, we are not that lucky when it comes to listening to a speaker. We cannot pick up our universal remote and rewind the person. For this reason, speakers need to really think about how they keep a speech moving so that audience members are easily able to keep up with the speech. In this section, we’re going to look at four specific techniques speakers can use that make following a speech much easier for an audience: transitions, internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts.

Transitions between Main Points

A transitionA phrase or sentence that indicates that a speaker is moving from one main point to another main point in a speech. is a phrase or sentence that indicates that a speaker is moving from one main point to another main point in a speech. Basically, a transition is a sentence where the speaker summarizes what was said in one point and previews what is going to be discussed in the next point. Let’s look at some examples:

  • Now that we’ve seen the problems caused by lack of adolescent curfew laws, let’s examine how curfew laws could benefit our community.
  • Thus far we’ve examined the history and prevalence of alcohol abuse among Native Americans, but it is the impact that this abuse has on the health of Native Americans that is of the greatest concern.
  • Now that we’ve thoroughly examined how these two medications are similar to one another, we can consider the many clear differences between the two medications.
  • Although he was one of the most prolific writers in Great Britain prior to World War II, Winston Churchill continued to publish during the war years as well.

You’ll notice that in each of these transition examples, the beginning phrase of the sentence indicates the conclusion of a period of time (now that, thus far). Table 10.1 'Transition Words' contains a variety of transition words that will be useful when keeping your speech moving.

Table 10.1 Transition Words

Additionalso, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, following this, further, furthermore, in addition, in the same way, additionally, likewise, moreover, similarly
Consequenceaccordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore
Generalizingas a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually
Exemplifyingchiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly, including, specifically, such as
Illustrationfor example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case
Emphasisabove all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularly, singularly
Similaritycomparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with
Exceptionaside from, barring, besides, except, excepting, excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of, save
Restatementin essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently
Contrast and Comparisoncontrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast
Sequenceat first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind
Common Sequence Patternsfirst, second, third…
generally, furthermore, finally
in the first place, also, lastly
in the first place, pursuing this further, finally
to be sure, additionally, lastly
in the first place, just in the same way, finally
basically, similarly, as well
Summarizingafter all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally
Diversionby the way, incidentally
Directionhere, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance
Locationabove, behind, by, near, throughout, across, below, down, off, to the right, against, beneath, in back of, onto, under, along, beside, in front of, on top of, among, between, inside, outside, around, beyond, into, over

Beyond transitions, there are several other techniques that you can use to clarify your speech organization for your audience. The next sections address several of these techniques, including internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts.

Internal Previews

An internal previewA phrase or sentence that gives an audience an idea of what is to come within a section of a speech. is a phrase or sentence that gives an audience an idea of what is to come within a section of a speech. An internal preview works similarly to the preview that a speaker gives at the end of a speech introduction, quickly outlining what he or she is going to talk about (i.e., the speech’s three main body points). In an internal preview, the speaker highlights what he or she is going to discuss within a specific main point during a speech.

Ausubel was the first person to examine the effect that internal previews had on retention of oral information.Ausubel, D. P. (1968). Educational psychology. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston. Basically, when a speaker clearly informs an audience what he or she is going to be talking about in a clear and organized manner, the audience listens for those main points, which leads to higher retention of the speaker’s message. Let’s look at a sample internal preview:

To help us further understand why recycling is important, we will first explain the positive benefits of recycling and then explore how recycling can help our community.

When an audience hears that you will be exploring two different ideas within this main point, they are ready to listen for those main points as you talk about them. In essence, you’re helping your audience keep up with your speech.

Rather than being given alone, internal previews often come after a speaker has transitioned to that main topic area. Using the previous internal preview, let’s see it along with the transition to that main point.

Now that we’ve explored the effect that a lack of consistent recycling has on our community, let’s explore the importance of recycling for our community (transition). To help us further understand why recycling is important, we will first explain the positive benefits of recycling and then explore how recycling can help our community (internal preview).

While internal previews are definitely helpful, you do not need to include one for every main point of your speech. In fact, we recommend that you use internal previews sparingly to highlight only main points containing relatively complex information.

Internal Summaries

Whereas an internal preview helps an audience know what you are going to talk about within a main point at the beginning, an internal summaryA phrase or sentence that reaffirms to an audience the information that was just delivered within the speech. is delivered to remind an audience of what they just heard within the speech. In general, internal summaries are best used when the information within a specific main point of a speech was complicated. To write your own internal summaries, look at the summarizing transition words in Table 10.1 'Transition Words' Let’s look at an example.

To sum up, school bullying is a definite problem. Bullying in schools has been shown to be detrimental to the victim’s grades, the victim’s scores on standardized tests, and the victim’s future educational outlook.

In this example, the speaker was probably talking about the impact that bullying has on an individual victim educationally. Of course, an internal summary can also be a great way to lead into a transition to the next point of a speech.

In this section, we have explored how bullying in schools has been shown to be detrimental to the victim’s grades, the victim’s scores on standardized tests, and the victim’s future educational outlook (internal summary). Therefore, schools need to implement campus-wide, comprehensive antibullying programs (transition).

While not sounding like the more traditional transition, this internal summary helps readers summarize the content of that main point. The sentence that follows then leads to the next major part of the speech, which is going to discuss the importance of antibullying programs.

Signposts

Have you ever been on a road trip and watched the green rectangular mile signs pass you by? Fifty miles to go. Twenty-five miles to go. One mile to go. Signposts within a speech function the same way. A signpostA guide a speaker gives her or his audience to help the audience keep up with the content of a speech. is a guide a speaker gives her or his audience to help the audience keep up with the content of a speech. If you look at Table 10.1 'Transition Words' and look at the “common sequence patterns,” you’ll see a series of possible signpost options. In essence, we use these short phrases at the beginning of a piece of information to help our audience members keep up with what we’re discussing. For example, if you were giving a speech whose main point was about the three functions of credibility, you could use internal signposts like this:

  • The first function of credibility is competence.
  • The second function of credibility is trustworthiness.
  • The final function of credibility is caring/goodwill.

Signposts are simply meant to help your audience keep up with your speech, so the more simplistic your signposts are, the easier it is for your audience to follow.

In addition to helping audience members keep up with a speech, signposts can also be used to highlight specific information the speaker thinks is important. Where the other signposts were designed to show the way (like highway markers), signposts that call attention to specific pieces of information are more like billboards. Words and phrases that are useful for highlighting information can be found in Table 10.1 'Transition Words' under the category “emphasis.” All these words are designed to help you call attention to what you are saying so that the audience will also recognize the importance of the information.

Key Takeaways

  • Transitions are very important because they help an audience stay on top of the information that is being presented to them. Without transitions, audiences are often left lost and the ultimate goal of the speech is not accomplished.
  • Specific transition words, like those found in Table 10.1 'Transition Words', can be useful in constructing effective transitions.
  • In addition to major transitions between the main points of a speech, speakers can utilize internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts to help focus audience members on the information contained within a speech.

Exercises

  1. Using the main points you created earlier in this chapter, create clear transitions between each main point. Look at the possible transition words in Table 10.1 'Transition Words' See which words are best suited for your speech. Try your transitions out on a friend or classmate to see if the transition makes sense to other people.
  2. Take your most complicated main point and create an internal preview for that main point and then end the point with an internal summary.
  3. Think about your current speech. Where can you use signposts to help focus your audience’s attention? Try at least two different ways of phrasing your signposts and then decide which one is better to use.

Do you give English presentations at work, but feel that you could communicate your message in a more objective, fluid way?

Maybe you have got an English presentation coming up and want to make sure that your speech is clear and structured so that your audience doesn’t lose concentration and stays with you all the way to the end.

A technique that can help you achieve objective, clear, and structured English presentations, is to use linking phrases which join the separate parts of your presentation together.

English presentations normally consist of an introduction, main body, different parts of the main body, and the ending or conclusion.

To help maintain your audience’s attention, you need to signal when you are going from one part to another.

In this article, I teach you 52 phrases which do exactly this - linking the different parts together, and therefore, making your presentation flow better, as well as acting as a ‘signpost’ to the audience for when you finish one part and start another.


52 Phrases to Improve the Flow of Your English Presentations

The Introduction

All good presentations start with a strong introduction.

There are a number of different ways you can open your English presentation, depending on your goal. Here’s a simple, but effective introduction structure which works for most types of business presentations:

Introduce – Introduce yourself (greeting), explaining the reasons for listening.

Introduce the presentation topic

Outline – Describe different sections of the presentation.

Question policy – During or at the end?

Single phrases examples

Here are some phrases which you can use to structure the introduction in this way:

Introduce

1. Good morning/afternoon (everyone) (ladies and gentlemen).

2. It’s a pleasure to welcome (the President) here.

3. I’m … (the Director of …)

4. By the end of the talk/presentation/session, you’ll know how to… /

…you will have learned about… /

Introduce the presentation topic

5. I plan to say a few words about…

6. I’m going to talk about…

7. The subject of my talk is…

Outline

News simple english bbc iplayer. 8. My talk will be in (three parts).

9. In the first part…

10. Then in the second part…

11. Finally, I’ll go on to talk about…

Questions

12. Please interrupt if you have any questions.

13. After my talk, there will be time for a discussion and any questions.

Main Body

Now that you have finished the introduction, we now need to transition to the main body, and its individual parts in a smooth way.

There are three parts of the main body of a presentation where linking phrases can be used:

Beginning the Main Body

Ending Parts within the Main Body

Beginning a New Part

Here are some phrases which you can use for these parts:

Beginning the Main Body

14. Now let’s move to / turn to the first part of my talk which is about…

15. So, first…

16. To begin with…

Ending Parts within the Main Body

17. That completes/concludes…

18. That’s all (I want to say for now) on…

19. Ok, I’ve explained how…

Beginning a New Part

20. Let’s move to (the next part which is)…

21. So now we come to the next point, which is…

22. Now I want to describe…

23. Let’s turn to the next issue…

24. I’d now like to change direction and talk about..

Listing and Sequencing

If in your English presentation, you need to talk about goals, challenges, and strategies, listing phrases can help link these together and improve the flow of your speech. If you have to explain processes, sequencing phrases are helpful:

Listing

25. There are three things to consider. First… Second… Third…

26. There are two kinds of… The first is… The second is…

27. We can see four advantages and two disadvantages. First, advantages…

28. One is… Another is… A third advantage is… Finally…

Sequencing

29. There are (four) different stages to the process.

30. First / then / next / after that / then (x) / after x there’s y.

31. There are two steps involved. The first step is… The second step is…

32. There are four stages to the project.

33. At the beginning / later / then / finally…

34. I’ll describe the development of the idea. First the background, then the present situation, and then the prospect for the future.


Ending

Moving Phrases Example

After you have presented the main body of your English presentation, you will want to end it smoothly.

Here are typical sections transitioning from the main body to the ending of the presentation, and then inviting the audience to ask questions:

Ending the Main Body

Beginning the Summary and/or Conclusion

Concluding

An Ending Phrase

Inviting Questions and/or Introducing Discussion

Thanking the Audience

Here some phrases which you can use for these parts:

Ending the Main Body

35. Okay, that ends (the third part of) my talk.

36. That’s all I want to say for now on (the 2017 results).

Beginning the Summary and/or Conclusion

37. To sum up…

38. Ok, in brief, there are several advantages and disadvantages.

39. To conclude…

40. I’d like to end by emphasizing the main points.

41. I’d like to end with a summary of the main points.

Concluding

42. I think we have seen that we should…

43. In my opinion, we should…

44. I recommend/suggest that we…

45. There are three reasons why I recommend this. First, … / Second, … / Finally,..

An Ending Phrase

46. Well, I’ve covered the points that I needed to present today.

47. That sums up (my description of the new model).

48. That concludes my talk for today.

Inviting Questions and/or Introducing Discussion

49. Now we have (half an hour) for questions and discussion.

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50. So, now I’d be very interested to hear your comments.

Thanking the Audience

51. I’d like to thank you for taking time out to listen to my presentation.

52. Thank you for listening / your attention. / Many thanks for coming.

Conclusion

Linking phrases are like the skeleton which holds your presentation together.

Catchy Moving Phrases

Not only do they improve the flow and help guide the audience, by memorizing them they can also help you remember the general structure of your presentation, giving you increased confidence.

To help you memorize, I recommend saying the linking phrases on their own from the beginning to the end of your presentation while you practice.

I also suggest memorizing the introduction word for word. By doing this, you will get off to a great start, which will settle your nerves and transmit a positive first impression.

If you think this article will help your friends and colleagues, please share it!

Interested in more articles like this? Check out these:

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Check out Steven's Ebook, 'How to Become a Confident English Speaker at Work'