Modal And Semi Modal Verbs Exercises Pdf

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Words that describe an action are called verbs. Verbs are of various kinds like action verb, helping (auxiliary) verb, regular verb, irregular verb, transitive verb, intransitive verb. Auxiliary verb is further divided into some types and Modal Verb is one of them. Modal verbs are used to help the main verbs to make it easy and understand.

  1. Modal Verbs Practice Pdf

A multiple choice exercise to practise modals for obligation, permission, prohibition, deduction, certainty. Hope you find it useful. 25,890 Downloads. 3 pages - MODALS AND ASSOCIATED VERBS. By lesleymisano 3 pages of - A COMPREHENSIVE LIST OF MODAL and SEMI-MODAL VERBS, THEIR USE AND EXAMPLES OF HOW THEY ARE USED. A COLOUR GUIDE HELPS. Modal Verbs Exercises. Here's a list of all the modal verbs exercises on the site. There'll be more soon! Modal verbs of ability exercise 1; Modal verbs of obligation exercise 1; Modal verbs of probability exercise 1; Modal verbs of probability exercise 2; Past modals exercise 1 (could have, should have, would have) Click here to return to the.

Modal verbs are words used to help main verbs. They are actually used to tell the ability, permission, inability, potentiality of the main verb etc. Modal verbs are actually a type of auxiliary verbs and auxiliary means helping verbs. The name shows us that modal verbs are there to assist our main verbs.

In this lesson, we are going to learn all the Modal Verbs with their examples and sentences. Breaking news for you is that all the model verbs are Available in PDF File which is totally free of cost.

Modal Verbs

A Modal verb is a kind of auxiliary (helping) verb that assists the main verb to indicate ability, permission, expectation, potentiality, obligation and possibility.

There are 10 types of modal verbs

  1. Can
  2. Could
  3. Would
  4. Will
  5. Should
  6. Ought to
  7. Must
  8. May
  9. Might
  10. Shall

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In this lesson, we will discuss all these modal verbs in very simplest way making these very easy to understand.

  1. Can

Can is the type of modal verb used to show ability/skill, inability, permission, request, offer, possibility.

Ability

  • I can speak five languages
  • She can drive.

Inability

  • I cannot teach Arabic
  • He cannot swim

Permission

  • Can I borrow your camera?
  • Can I speak to Ahmed?

Possibility

  • Smoking can cause cancer.
  • It can get very hot there these days.

Offer

  • Can I help you?
  • I can send this letter for you.

Request

  • Can you give me glass of water?
  • Can I go to sleep?
Modal And Semi Modal Verbs Exercises Pdf

FREE PDF Available to Download at the bottom of Page

  1. Could

The modal could is used to show ability, request, suggestion, conditional of can, possibility, permission etc.

Ability

  • I could play cricket.
  • I could smell something burning.

Request

  • Could you hand me the camera?
  • Could I go to the sleep?

Suggestion

  • I could help you with Arabic.
  • You could go to swimming if you are interested.

Conditional of Can

  • I could pass the exam if I had worked hard.

Possibility

  • A lot of crime could be prevented.
  • You could have done first.
Modal

Permission

  • Could I borrow your laptop?
  • Could I speak to Ahmed?

FREE PDF Available to Download at the bottom of Page

  1. Will

The modal “Will” can be used to show future, request, offer, refusal, conditional etc.

Future

  • I will play cricket.
  • I will run fast

Request

  • Will you please pass the camera?
  • Will you please get a side?

Offer

  • I will pay for you
  • We will give you a ride home

Refusal

  • She will not give you money
  • I will not let you play with them

Conditional

  • If it rains, I will bring umbrella
  • Your mum will be happy if you win the competition

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  1. Would

Modal “Would” is used to express refusal, request, offer, conditional, future in the past etc.

Request

  • Would you hand me the pencil?
  • Would you help me?

Offer

  • I would help you with Spanish.
  • They would go to the movies if you are interested.

Conditional

  • If I had a car, I would drive around the world.

Future in The Past

  • She promised she would help me.
  • She said that she would tech me.

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  1. Shall

Shall is used to give suggestions, instruction, offers, promises, conformation etc

Confirmation

  • I shall turn 20 next week.
  • I shall meet you there at 11

Instruction

  • What shall I do with your mail
  • You shall not pass!

Offer

  • Shall I wait for you?
  • I shall make the arrangements for you

Promise

  • You shall be the first person to know
  • I shall get you a new bike for your birthday

Suggestion

  • Shall I get a pizza for dinner tonight?
  • Shall we take a taxi home?

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  1. Should

Should is used to show advice, obligation, probability etc

Advice

  • You should eat more fruits and vegetables.
  • I think we should wait for her now.

Obligation

  • You should walk to work.
  • You should do more exercise.

Probability / Expectation

  • A ticket to Lahore should cost a lot.
  • This should not be Afzal’s house.

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  1. May

Modal ‘May’ is used to show desire, permission, request, probability, aim / objective

Permission

  • You may use my camera

Request

  • May I wear your shirt?

Probability

  • It may rain tomorrow

Aim/Objective

  • I work hard so that I may pass

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  1. Might

Modal is used to show suggestion, possibility, conditional etc

Suggestion

  • You might try this cake.
  • You might not see him tomorrow.

Possibility

  • It might rain today.
  • I might possibly go to the theater tonight

Conditional

  • If I had worked hard, I might have passed the exam.
  • If I enter the contest, I might win!

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Modals and Semi-Modals

A modal is a type of auxiliary (helping) verb that is used to express: ability, possibility, permission or obligation. Modal phrases (or semi-modals) are used to express the same things as modals, but are a combination of auxiliary verbs and the preposition to. The modals and semi-modals in English are:

1.Can/could/be able to

2.May/might

3.Shall/should

4.Must/have to

5.Will/would

Can, Could, Be Able To

Can, could and be able to are used to express a variety of ideas in English:

Ability/Lack of Ability

Present and Future:

can/can’t + base form of the verb

1.Tom can write poetry very well.

2.I can help you with that next week.

3.Lisa can’t speak French.

am / is / are / will be + able to + base form of the verb
am not/ isn’t / aren’t/ won’t be + able to + base form of the verb

1.Mike is able to solve complicated math equations

2.The support team will be able to help you in about ten minutes.

3.I won’t be able to visit you next summer.

Past:

could / couldn’t + base form of the verb

1.When I was a child Icould climb trees.

was / were + able to + base form of the verb
wasn’t / weren’t + able to + base form of the verb
hasn’t / haven’t + been able to + base form of the verb

1.I wasn’t able to visit her in the hospital.

2.He hasn’t been able to get in touch with the client yet.

Note: Can and could do not take an infinitive (to verb) and do not take the future auxiliary will.

·Incorrect: I can to help you this afternoon.

·Correct: I can help you this afternoon.

·Correct: I will (I’ll) be able to help you this afternoon.

Possibility / Impossibility

can / can’t + base form of the verb

1.You can catch that train at 10:43.

2.He can’t see you right now. He’s in surgery.

could + base form of the verb

1.I could fly via Amsterdam if I leave the day before.

Ask Permission / Give Permission

Can + Subject + base form of the verb (informal)

1.Can you lend me ten dollars?

Can + base form of the verb (informal)

1.You can borrow my car.

Verbs

Could + subject + base form of the verb (polite)

1.Could I have your number?

2.Could I talk to your supervisor please?

Make a suggestion – To make a suggestion use:

Could + base form of the verb (informal)

You could take the tour of the castle tomorrow.

May, Might

Formal Permission / Formal Prohibition

may / may not + base form of the verb

1.You may start your exam now.

2.You may not wear sandals to work.

Polite Request

May + subject + base form of the verb

1.May I help you?

Possibility / Negative Possibility

may/ might + base form of the verb

1.We may go out dinner tonight. Do you want to join us?

2.Our company might get the order if the client agrees to the price.

may not / might not + base form of the verb

1.Adam and Sue may not buy that house. It’s very expensive.

2.They might not buy a house at all.

To Make a Suggestion (when there is no better alternative)

may as well / might as well + base form of the verb

1.You may as well come inside. John will be home soon.

2.We might as well take Friday off. There’s no work to be done anyway.

Polite Suggestion

might + base form of the verb

1.You might like to try the salmon fillet. It’s our special today.

Shall, Should, Ought to

To Offer of Assistance or Polite Suggestion (When you are quite sure of a positive answer)

Shall + subject + base form of the verb

1.Shall we go for a walk?

Note: Shall is only used with I or we. It is used instead of will only in formal English.

To Offer of Assistance or Polite Suggestion (When you are not sure of a positive answer)

Should + subject + base form of the verb

1.Should I call a doctor?

A Prediction or Expectation that Something Will Happen

should/shouldn’t + base form of the verb

1.The proposal should be finished on time.

2.I shouldn’t be late. The train usually arrives on time.

To Give Advice

should / ought to + base form of the verb

1.You should check that document before you send it out.

2.You ought to have your car serviced before the winter.

To Give Advice (about something you think wrong or unacceptable)

shouldn’t + base form of the verb

Most used prepositions in english

1.James shouldn’t teach him words like those.

Must, Have to, Need to, Don’t have to, Needn’t

Necessity or Requirement

Present and Future:

must / have to / need to + base form of the verb

1.You must have a passport to cross the border.

2.Elisabeth has to apply for her visa by March 10th.

3.I need to drop by his room to pick up a book.

Past:

had to / needed to + base form of the verb

1.I had to work late last night.

2.I needed to drink a few cups of coffee in order to stay awake.

Note: have to and need to are often used in the same context, but many times, need to is used to express something that is less urgent, something in which you have a choice.

Almost 100% Certain

must + base form of the verb

1.Thomas has lived in Paris for years. His French must be very good.

To Persuade

must / have to + base form of the verb

1.You must try this wine. It’s excellent.

2.You have to visit us while you’re in town.

Prohibited or Forbidden

must not / mustn’t + base form of the verb

1.You must not drive over the speed limit.

2.You mustn’t leave medicines where children can get to them.

Lack of Necessity

don’t /doesn’t /didn’t + have to + base form of the verb

1.You don’t have to park the car. The hotel valet will do it for you.

2.Tim doesn’t have to go to school today. It’s a holiday.

3.You didn’t have to shout. Everyone could hear you.

needn’t + base form of the verb

1.You needn’t worry about me. I’ll be fine.

Modals: Will / Would

will / won’t + base form of the verb

1.John will pick you up at 7:00am.

2.Beth won’t be happy with the results of the exam.

Polite Request or Statement

Will / Would + base form of the verb

1.Will you please take the trash out?

2.Would you mind if I sat here?

3.I’d (I would) like to sign up for your workshop.

Habitual Past Action

Would/Wouldn’t + base form of the verb

1.When I was a child, I would spend hours playing with my train set.

2.Peter wouldn’t eat broccoli when he was a kid. He loves it now.