Learn English Modal Verbs

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1. can

UseExamples
ability to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be able to)I canspeak English.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)Can I go to the cinema?
requestCan you wait a moment, please?
offerI canlend you my car till tomorrow.
suggestionCan we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibilityIt canget very hot in Arizona.

2. could

These are verbs that indicate likelihood, ability, permission or obligation. Words like: can/could, may/might, will/would, shall/should and must. 'The Sea Monster should go away'. Similar to should – ought to sounds a little less subjective. Use Examples; advice: You ought to drive carefully in bad weather.: obligation: You ought to switch off the light when you leave the room. Learn American English Online. Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the correct modal verb and main verb. Some are negative. We a movie later today. John his car started. This an hour to finish. English modal verbs include: must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might. We use modal verbs to show if we believe something is certain, probable or possible (or not). We also use modals to do things like talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers, and so on.

UseExamples
ability to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be able to)I couldspeak English.
permission to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be allowed to)I couldgo to the cinema.
polite question *Could I go to the cinema, please?
polite request *Could you wait a moment, please?
polite offer *I couldlend you my car till tomorrow.
polite suggestion *Could we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibility *It couldget very hot in Montana.

3. may

UseExamples
possibilityIt may rain today.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)May I go to the cinema?
polite suggestionMay I help you?

4. might

Learn English Modal Verbs
UseExamples
possibility (less possible than may) *It mightrain today.
hesitant offer *Might I help you?

5. must

UseExamples
force, necessityI mustgo to the supermarket today.
possibilityYou mustbe tired.
advice, recommendationYou mustsee the new film with Brad Pitt.

6. must not/may not

UseExamples
prohibition (must is a little stronger)You mustn'twork on dad's computer.
You maynotwork on dad's computer.

7. need not

UseExamples
sth. is not necessaryI needn'tgo to the supermarket, we're going to the restaurant tonight.

8. ought to

similar to shouldought to sounds a little less subjective Learning english usa gov.

UseExamples
adviceYou ought todrive carefully in bad weather.
obligationYou ought toswitch off the light when you leave the room.

9. shall

used instead of will in the 1st person

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Modal verbs in english
UseExamples
suggestionShall I carry your bag?

10. should

UseExamples
adviceYou shoulddrive carefully in bad weather.
obligationYou shouldswitch off the light when you leave the room.

11. will

UseExamples
wish, request, demand, order (less polite than would)Will you please shut the door?
prediction, assumptionI think it willrain on Friday.
promiseI willstop smoking.
spontaneous decisionCan somebody drive me to the station? - I will.
habitsShe's strange, she'llsit for hours without talking.

12. would

UseExamples
wish, request (more polite than will)Would you shut the door, please?
habits in the pastSometimes he wouldbring me some flowers.
Modal verbs english grammar

* These are no past forms, they refer to the future.