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Top 10 Grammar Rules Everyone Should Know

1- Don’t use “as” when you want to refer to similarity.

These pages contain free online practice tests for the most important international ESL exams: IELTS, the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests, and the Cambridge English exams such as C1 Advanced (CAE), B2 First (FCE), A2 Key (KET) and B1 Preliminary (PET). You can also do practice tests for PTE Academic, PTE Genera l and Michigan. Session 3 1 Activity Are you C1 (advanced level)? Take this test and find out. Do you think you're C1 (advanced level) in English? Take this test and find out your level.

Taking an English test like TOEFL or IELTS exam can be a great way to see what level your English is at. It can also be a useful or necessary way to prove your level of English for work, study or citizenship for some countries. There are so many different kinds of exams, and they are all suitable for slightly different purposes. Prepare for your English exams and tests by reading advice and tips, watching videos and doing online exercises.

“Like” and “as” can both be used for comparison. However, we use “like”, but not “as”, to compare two things. “Like” + noun means “similar to” or “same as”.

Incorrect: Layla, as her sister, has beautiful black eyes.

Correct: Layla, like her sister, has beautiful black eyes.

2- Use “such as” instead of “as” to introduce examples.

“As” on its own can’t be used to introduce examples. We can use “such as” to introduce an example or examples of something we mention.

Incorrect: I like playing many sports, as basketball, football, and tennis.

Correct: I like playing many sports, such as basketball, football, and tennis.

3- “I” is not always followed by “was”. Sometimes “I” should be followed by “were”.

We use “were”, not “was” in the subjunctive form. When the statement is contrary to the fact, we use “were”, but not “was”.

Incorrect: If I was taller, I would play basketball.

Correct: if I were taller, I would play basketball.

4- Don’t use “who” when you should use “whom”.

To know whether we should use “who” or “whom”, try to convert the question to a statement. If the new format leads us to “she/he”, we should use “who”; if it leads us to “him/her”, we should use “whom”.

Incorrect: Whom took my phone? Him/her took my phone. ✘

Correct: Who took my phone? She/he took my phone. ✔

Incorrect: Who should I talk with? I should talk to she/he. ✘

Correct: Whom should I talk with? I should talk to him/her. ✔

5- Use “Among” instead of “Between” while referring to a group.

“Between” is used to refer to two things which are distinct, clearly separated. “Among” is used to refer to things that are part of a group (things that are not distinct).

Incorrect: Between the four of us, I was the only one eating sushi.

Correct: Among the four of us, I was the only one eating sushi.

6- The verb that follows collective nouns shouldn’t be plural.

The verb that follows collective nouns should be singular, not plural. A collective noun is a group that is treated as a single entity (e.g. army, team, audience, etc.)

Incorrect: The British army are very strong.

Correct: The British army is very strong.

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7- “It’s” and “Its” are completely different.

Learn English Competitive Exams

“It’s” is either “it is” or “it has”, but “Its” is the possessive form (i.e. Translate english to spanish. belongs to) of “It”. When using “Its” as a possessive, don’t use the apostrophe.

Incorrect: Its always raining in Manchester.

Passive ing form. Correct: It’s always raining in Manchester.

8- “And” creates a compound subject, but “as well as” doesn’t.

Joining two subjects using “as well as” doesn’t create a compound subject; the verb that follows should be singular. Joining two subjects using “and” creates a compound subject; the verb that follows should be plural.

Incorrect: Ben, as well as Sarah, are going to London.

Correct: Ben, as well as Sarah, is going to London.

Correct: Ben and Sarah are going to London.

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9- Make sure to avoid faulty parallelism in a sentence.

Parallelism refers to using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure. Words or phrases in a series should be in the same form.

Incorrect: Hannah likes sleeping, reading and outdoor activities.

Correct: Hannah likes sleeping, reading and being active.

10- Notice the difference between “I” and “me” in a sentence.

When there are two subjects or objects linked with “and”, “I” not “me” should be used.

Incorrect: My brother and me are good football players.

Correct: My brother and I are good football players.

Learn English For Exams

Commands (Imperative) 1 (B/I)
Commands (Imperative) 2 (B/I)
Commands (Imperative) 3 (B/I)
The Present Continuous 1 (B)
Simple Past/Past Continuous? 1 (A)
Simple Past/Past Continuous? 2 (A)
Simple Past/Past Continuous? 3 (A)
Present Perfect Continuous 1(B)
Present Perfect Continuous 2(I)
Present Perfect Continuous 3(I)
Simple Present/Present Continuous? 1 (A)
Simple Present/Present Continuous? 2(I)
Simple Present/Present Continuous? 3(I/A)
Simple Past/Present Perfect? 1 (I)
Simple Past/Present Perfect? 2 (I)
The passive voice (Simple past) 1 (B/I)
The passive voice (Simple past) 2 (B/I)
The passive voice (S. present) 1 (I)
The passive voice (S. present) 2 (I)
The passive voice (Mixed) 1 (B)
The passive voice (Mixed) 2 (I)
The passive voice (Mixed) 3 (A)
Irregular Verbs - Mixed past tenses 1 (B)
Irregular Verbs - Mixed past tenses 2 (I)
Irregular Verbs - Mixed past tenses 3 (I)
Irregular Verbs - Mixed past tenses 4 (I)
Mixed modals 1 (should, can, must) (I)
Mixed modals 2 (should, can, must) (I)
Mixed modals 3 (should, can, must) (I)
Mixed modals 4 (I)
Mixed modals 5 (I)
MODALS (Couldn't/Might Not) (I)
MODALS with the INFINITIVE 1 (B)
MODALS with the INFINITIVE 2 (B)
AUXILIARY VERBS (be, do, have) 1 (B)
AUXILIARY VERBS (be, do, have) 2 (I)
AUXILIARY VERBS (be, do, have) 3 (I/A)
AUXILIARY VERBS (be, do, have) 4 (I/A)
Reported Speech (Mixed tenses) 1 (I)
Reported Speech (Mixed tenses) 2 (I)
Reported Speech (Mixed tenses) 3 (I)
Reported Speech (Mixed tenses) 4 (I)
Reported Speech (Commands) 1 (I)
Reported Speech (Commands) 2 (I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Passive) 1 (B/I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Passive) 2 (B/I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Active) 1 (B/I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Active) 2 (I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Mixed) 1 (I)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Mixed) 2 (A)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Mixed) 3 (A)
CAUSATIVE FORM (Mixed) 4 (A)
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 1 (I)
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 2 (I)
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 1 (B)
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 2 (B)
TO BE (Present tense) 1 (B)
TO BE (Present tense) 2 (B)
TO BE (Present tense) 3 (negative sentences) (B)
TO HAVE (Present tense) 1 (B)
TO HAVE (Present tense) 2 (B)
TO BE or TO HAVE? 1 (B)
TO BE or TO HAVE? 2 (B)
Simple Future tense 1 (B)
Simple Future tense 2 (B)
Simple Future tense 3 (B)
Mixed Verbs 1 (I)
Mixed Verbs 2 (I)
Mixed Verbs 3 (B)
Mixed Verbs 4 (B)
Mixed Verbs 5 (I)
Past Participles 1 (B)
Past Participles 2 (B/I)
The First Conditional 1 (B)
The First Conditional 2 (B)
The First Conditional 3 (B)
The Second Conditional 1 (I)
The Second Conditional 2 (I)
The Second Conditional 3 (I)
First or second conditional? 1 (I)
First or second conditional? 2 (I)
The Third Conditional 1 (I/A)
The Third Conditional 2 (I/A)
Conditional tenses (mixed) 1 (I)
Conditional tenses (mixed) 2 (A)
Conditional tenses (mixed) 3 (I)
Conditional tenses (mixed) 4 (A)
CONDITIONAL or FUTURE? 1 (I)
CONDITIONAL or FUTURE? 2 (I/A)
COND/FUTURE/PRESENT? (I)
FUTURE TENSES 1 (A)
FUTURE TENSES 2 (A)
FUTURE TENSES 3 (A)
GERUND or INFINITIVE? 1 (B)
GERUND or INFINITIVE? 2 (I)
GERUND or INFINITIVE? 3 (I)
GERUND or INFINITIVE? 4 (A)
Simple Past Tense 1 (B)
Simple Past Tense 2 (B)
Simple Past Tense 3 (B)
Present Continuous Tense 1(B)
Present Continuous Tense 2(B)
Past Continuous Tense 1 (B)
Past Continuous Tense 2 (B)
Tag questions 1 (B)
Tag questions 2 (B)
Transitive and intransitive verbs 1 (I)
Transitive and intransitive verbs 2 (I)
Transitive and intransitive verbs 3 (I/A)
Vocative case in English 1 (I)
Vocative case in English 2 (I)