The simple past tense shows that you are talking about something that has already happened. Unlike the past continuous tense, which is used to talk about past events that happened over a period of time, the simple past tense emphasizes that the action is finished. Japanese Past Tense Verbs—Formal/Polite Conjugation. We will start with the polite form, which is also called the -masu form. In the polite form, the -masu suffix is modified to make affirmative and negative past tenses, like this:-ました (-mashita, affirmative past tense)-ませんでした (-masen deshita, negative past tense).
Verbs come in three tenses: past, present, and future. The past is used to describe things that have already happened (e.g., earlier in the day, yesterday, last week, three years ago). The present tense is used to describe things that are happening right now, or things that are continuous. The future tense describes things that have yet to happen (e.g., later, tomorrow, next week, next year, three years from now).
We use modals to show if we believe something is certain, possible or impossible. My keys must be in the car. It might rain tomorrow. That can't be Peter's coat. Modal verbs: can, must, mustn't, should, have to Students match the rules from the grammar guide with pictures and sentences; they then do a multiple choice exercise and finish with a gap filling exercise based on pictures.
The following table illustrates the proper use of verb tenses:
Know Ka Past Tense Kya Hoga
|Simple Present||Simple Past||Simple Future|
|I read nearly every day.||Last night, I read an entire novel.||I will read as much as I can this year.|
|Present Continuous||Past Continuous||Future Continuous|
|I am reading Shakespeare at the moment.||I was reading Edgar Allan Poe last night.||I will be reading Nathaniel Hawthorne soon.|
|Present Perfect||Past Perfect||Future Perfect|
|I have read so many books I can’t keep count.||I had read at least 100 books by the time I was twelve.||I will have read at least 500 books by the end of the year.|
|Present Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||Future Perfect Continuous|
|I have been reading since I was four years old.||I had been reading for at least a year before my sister learned to read.||I will have been reading for at least two hours before dinner tonight.|
The Present Tenses
The Past Tenses
The Future Tenses
Past tense also has four forms.
Past Indefinite Tense
The past indefinite tense, also known as simple past tense, is used to indicate a finished or completed action/task that occurred/happened at a specific point in time in the past. ‘A specific time’ can be diverse and can cover a long period of time but it cannot be undeterminable.
Subject + verb in the past form + . . . . . + adverb of time + . . . . .
Note: Adverb of time can also be at the beginning of the sentence. Other sentences can also refer to that adverb and can use simple past tense.
- Alex went to Mexico last year.
- I ate a mango a few minutes ago.
- He had an exam yesterday.
- I used to travel around the world when I was fit. (It can also indicate a habit of the past which is not a habit in the present.)
More: Past Indefinite Tense Examples.
Past Progressive (Continuous) Tense
The past progressive tense is used to demonstrate an action that was happening in the past for a period of time in a particular context. The context can be a specific time or another action.
Know Ka Past Tense Exercises
Subject + was/were + verb + ing + . . . . . a specific time
Alex was sleeping yesterday at 6.30 AM
I was cleaning the dishes at around 5.30-6.30 yesterday.
When + subject + simple past tense + subject + was/were + verb+ing . . . .
When I went out, you were shouting from behind.
When Alex came, I was sleeping.
Subject + was/were + verb+ing + when + subject + simple past tense . . . .
You were shouting from behind when I went outside.
I was sleeping when Alex came home.
While + subject + was/were + verb+ing + subject + was/were + verb+ing . . . .
While I was sleeping, you were making noises.
While Alex was playing, I was sleeping.
Note: While can also be placed between the two clauses, and one of the clauses can be of simple past tense.
More Examples of Past Continuous Tense Examples.
Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect is used to demonstrate an action that occurred before another action in the past. There are usually two completed actions in the sentence; one happens before the other.
Subject + had + past participle form of the main verb + before + subject + simple past tense . . . .
Alex had completed the task before the teacher asked.
I had bought a phone before you came here.
Before + subject + simple past tense + subject + had + past participle form of the verb +. . . .
Before I went to the office, I finished some business with her.
Before she went home, she had taken a test.
Subject + simple past tense + after + subject + had + past participle . . . .
Mark ate after I had bought him a bat.
I went to the office after I had finished some business with her.
After + subject + had + past participle + subject + simple past tense . . . .
After I had bought a phone, she came to the shop.
After she had gone, I came in.
Know Ka Past Tense Conjugation
Note: When can be used in place of before or after in any of the above structures.
More examples of Past Perfect Tense Examples.
Past Perfect Progressive Tense
The past perfect progressive tense is an extension to the past perfect tense and its structures. Past perfect progressive is used to demonstrate an action which continued for a specific period of time but stopped before another action.
Subject + had + been + verb+ing + . . . . . + for/since + . . . . .+ before + subject + past simple tense
Alan had been playing cricket for 18 years before he retired.
Jack had been living in Sydney since 2010 before he moved to Melbourne.
Note: This tense can be replaced by the past perfect tense withdrawing for/since.
More Examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense Examples.